ISSN Print: 2472-9450  ISSN Online: 2472-9469
International Journal of Psychology and Cognitive Science  
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Relationship Between the Constructs of Problematic Internet Use and Facebook Addiction
International Journal of Psychology and Cognitive Science
Vol.5 , No. 3, Publication Date: Jul. 30, 2019, Page: 116-120
83 Views Since July 30, 2019, 57 Downloads Since Jul. 30, 2019
 
 
Authors
 
[1]    

Hugo Rafael de Souza e Silva, Medical Sciences College, University of Pernambuco (UPE), Recife, Brazil.

[2]    

Pauliana Valéria Machado Galvão, School of Medicine (Serra Talhada Campus), Universidade de Pernambuco (UPE), Serra Talhada, Brazil.

[3]    

Mateus Mourato Barros, School of Medicine (Serra Talhada Campus), Universidade de Pernambuco (UPE), Serra Talhada, Brazil.

[4]    

Kelsy Catherina Nema Areco, Health Informatics Department, Federal University of São Paulo (Unifesp), São Paulo, Brazil.

[5]    

Thiago Marques Fidalgo, Psychiatry and Medical Psychology Department, Federal University of São Paulo (Unifesp), São Paulo, Brazil.

[6]    

Dartiu Xavier da Silveira, Psychiatry and Medical Psychology Department, Federal University of São Paulo (Unifesp), São Paulo, Brazil.

 
Abstract
 

Background: Since the first description on Problematic Internet Use (PIU), several other descriptions of additive behaviors related to the Internet have appeared in the scientific literature. However, there are always questions about being the same construct. Aim: This study aimed to examine the discriminant validity and overlap between the constructs PIU and Facebook Addiction (FA). Methods: For this, 356 undergraduate students from the health area were interviewed, of which 271 (75.4%) were female, with a mean age of 19.47 years (± 2.32 years). A socio-demographic characterization questionnaire and habits of use of internet and social networks and the Portuguese (Brazil) versions of the Online Cognition Scale (OCS-BR), Internet Addiction Test (IAT-BR) and BFAS -BR) were applied. The discriminant validity between the PIU and FA constructs was verified through the Modeling of Structural Equations (MSE). Results: We found the factorial model presented satisfactory adjustment quality χ2/df = 4, GFI = 0.93, CFI = 0.94 and RMSEA = 0.09 and correlation between constructs was equal to 0.88. Average extracted variances (AVE) – AVEPIU and AVEFA – were smaller than the squared correlation between the two constructs, indicating that there is no evidence of discriminant validity between PIU and FA constructs. Conclusion: the results support the hypothesis that Problematic Internet Use and Facebook Addiction are the same theoretical latent construct, that is, they are part of the same clinical entity and that there must be a second order factor, Technological Dependency.


Keywords
 

Addictive Behavior, Psychometrics, Cross-cultural Comparison, Validation Studies


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