ISSN Print: 2381-1013  ISSN Online: 2381-1021
American Journal of Agricultural Science  
Manuscript Information
 
 
Effects of Spacing on Growth, Yield and Yield Components of Hot Pepper (Capsicum Annum L.) Under Irrigated Condition in South Omo Zone
American Journal of Agricultural Science
Vol.8 , No. 2, Publication Date: Apr. 29, 2021, Page: 8-13
546 Views Since April 29, 2021, 501 Downloads Since Apr. 29, 2021
 
 
Authors
 
[1]    

Awoke Tadesse, Crop Research Directorate, Jinka Agricultural Research, Jinka, Ethiopia.

[2]    

Yimegnushal Bekele, Crop Research Directorate, Jinka Agricultural Research, Jinka, Ethiopia.

 
Abstract
 

In Ethiopia, Hot pepper is important vegetable crops. But, the productivity of this crop is reduced due to nonexistence appropriate spacing for specific location and variety. Hence, the field research was carried out to evaluate the effects of spacing on yield and yield components of Hot pepper through 2018 and 2019 growing period at Omorate and Weyito, respectively, in South Omo Zone, Southern Ethiopia. The three inter-row spacing (50, 60, and 70) cm with three intra-row spacing (30, 40 and 50) cm were arranged in 3x3 factorial companions in randomized complot block design with 3 replications. Growth, yield and yield components parameters were recorded and carried out statistical analysis. The result of current study showed that, there was significant influenced by intra-row spacing on branch number per plant at Omorate and Weyito locations while both spacing hade significant variation in height of plant at Weyito. There was also variation in interaction effect in pod number per plant, fresh pod and dried pod weight at both locations. The maximum dried pods yields (3.06 t/ha) were recorded in 55,555 plants/ha (60cm inter with 30cm intra) row spacing and 33.6% dried pod weight increment as compared to recommended spacing (70cmx30cm) at Omorate location. While at Weyito, the highest dried pod yield (2.57 t/ha) was recorded in 50,000 plants/ha (50cm inter with 40cm intra) 30.5% dried pod weight increment as compared to recommended spacing (70cmx30cm) among tested treatments. Therefore, use of ‘55,555 plants ha-1 (60cm inter with 30cm intra) row spacing at Omorate and 50,000 plants ha-1 (50cm inter with 40cm intra) at Weyito can be recommended for hot pepper producing farmers, agro-pastoral at these location and its vicinity.


Keywords
 

Hot Pepper, Inter-row Spacing, Intra-row Spacing, Fresh Pod Yield, Dried Pod Yield


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