ISSN Print: 2381-1013  ISSN Online: 2381-1021
American Journal of Agricultural Science  
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State of Art on the Use of Pesticides in Meknes Region, Morocco
American Journal of Agricultural Science
Vol.4 , No. 6, Publication Date: Dec. 18, 2017, Page: 138-148
569 Views Since December 18, 2017, 449 Downloads Since Dec. 18, 2017
 
 
Authors
 
[1]    

Mohamed Maldani, Environment & Soil Microbiology Unit, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Moulay Ismail University, Meknes, Morocco.

[2]    

El Mostafa Dekaki, National Agricultural Advisory Office, Fes-Meknes Region, Meknes, Morocco.

[3]    

Laila Nassiri, Environment & Soil Microbiology Unit, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Moulay Ismail University, Meknes, Morocco.

[4]    

Jamal Ibijbijen, Environment & Soil Microbiology Unit, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Moulay Ismail University, Meknes, Morocco.

 
Abstract
 

The inappropriate use of pesticides affects the entire functioning of the ecosystem, Indeed, the absence of data on the use of pesticides in the province of Meknes, led us to conduct surveys of farmers, the objective of our study is to present an overview on the use of pesticides in the province of Meknes (Morocco). The Investigations in the province show that the majority of farmers practice arboriculture, cereals and legumes, the remainder is partitioned between market gardening and olive growing. Most of these crops are grown in the field. Herbicides are the most frequently used pesticides, with 57.74% of the products used, followed by fungicide with 27.03%, and insecticides with 13.91% of the total pesticides used. Organophosphorus pesticides have a percentage of 17%, followed by the bipyridia family with 15%, and 12% represented by the pyrethroids. Glyphosate is the most widely used herbicide, ranking first with 15.22%, followed successively by paraquat (14.96%) and copper metal-copper sulphate (13. 65%). The investigations revealed mismanagement of pesticides, the ninety farmers questioned treated unprotected, applied overdoses and lived adjacent to the treated plots.


Keywords
 

Pesticides, Glyphosate, Paraquat, Ecosystem, Morocco


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