ISSN Print: 2381-1013  ISSN Online: 2381-1021
American Journal of Agricultural Science  
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Effects of Supplementation with Different Levels of Wheat Bran and Noug Seed (Guizotia abissynica) Cake Mixtures on Performance of Hararghe Highland Sheep Fed a Basal Diet of Maize Stover
American Journal of Agricultural Science
Vol.3 , No. 3, Publication Date: May 19, 2016, Page: 40-47
3093 Views Since May 19, 2016, 1758 Downloads Since May 19, 2016
 
 
Authors
 
[1]    

Merhun Lamaro, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Gambella University, Gambella, Ethiopia.

[2]    

Mengistu Urge, Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Haramaya University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia.

[3]    

Yoseph Mekasha, Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Haramaya University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia.

 
Abstract
 

This study was conducted with the objectives to determine feed intake, digestibility, body weight gain and carcass characteristics in Hararghe Highland Sheep fed untreated maize stover (UMS) and supplemented with different levels of wheat bran (WB) and noug seed cake (NSC) mixtures in 2:1 ratio, and its comparison with sole urea treated maize stover (UTMS). Urea treatment increased crude protein content of maize stover by about 71%. Supplementation with concentrate mix increased (p<0.001) total DM intake (g/h/day). Average daily body weight gains of 50.2, 49.8 and 60 g/h/day was recorded for T3, T4 and T5, respectively, whereas T1 and T2 lost body weight. The final body weight, daily body weight gain and feed conversion efficiency were higher (p<0.001) for the supplemented groups compared to the control treatments. The SW, EBW, HCW and REA were significantly higher (p<0.001) in the supplemented sheep than non-supplemented. The current study revealed that ad libitum feeding of untreated MS with small amount of protein feed supplementation, and sole urea treated MS resulted in loss of body weight. However, supplementation of untreated maize stover with concentrate improved ram performance.


Keywords
 

Maize Stover, Wheat Bran, Noug Seed Cake, Hararghe Highland Sheep, Supplementation, Urea


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